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A majority of the Indian population belongs to the Hindu religion (around 80 percent). 13 percent are Muslims, 2 percent are Christians and 2 percent are Sikhs. Smaller minorities also practice religions such as Buddhism, Adivasi (indigenous) religions and Jainism.

Hindu nationalism in different forms has been present throughout history and continues to be in today’s India. One of the saddest examples of this is the 2002 massacre of Muslims in the northwest state of Gujarat, where hundreds of Muslims were killed by Hindu mobs as a revenge of Hindu pilgrims being burnt alive in a train coach.

After the attacks in New York 9/11 life has become more and more difficult for India’s Muslims and there are frequently clashes between Hindus and Muslims. Hinduism is interlinked with the caste system (see below). Many Dalits (former called outcastes or ”untouchables”) have choosen to convert from Hinduism, since they believe that Hinduism has given them nothing but discrimination and oppression.

India – a Hindu society?

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